Sleep Disorders You Should Know

Find out if you have any of these sleeping disorders.

Snoring
Snoring is caused by obstructed airways, bulky throat tissue or tongue and throat muscles that are too relaxed. Habitual snoring is bad for your health and may cause lack of sleep, breathing problems, high blood pressure and enlargement of the heart.

Insomnia
People with insomnia find it difficult to sleep, sometimes wake up in the middle of the night, find it difficult to return to sleep and wake up early than expected. Insomnia can be chronic or long-term, comorbid, onset or difficulty falling asleep, and maintenance insomnia or the inability to return to sleep after waking up.

Hypersomnia
This condition makes the person feel extreme sleepiness even if they had enough sleep. There is no known cause but it could be a side-effect of medications or caused by other sleeping disorders such as sleep apnea, narcolepsy, and movement disorders.

Sleep Apnoea

The person is usually not aware of this, but another person who sleeps beside that person will surely notice the very loud snoring. That is because those suffering from this have a partial or complete blockage of throat while sleeping.

Sleep Hypoventilation
Lung disorders or obesity will lead to weaker breathing muscles. Consequently, they will have breathing difficulties during sleep because the brain is more relaxed. It can be fatal when not treated.

Narcolepsy
People with this condition fall asleep all of a sudden in the middle of an activity. The brain cannot control the cycle of sleep and wakefulness. Other symptoms include cataplexy or muscle weakness, sleep paralysis, and hallucinations.

REM Sleep Behavior Disorder
REM or rapid eye movement is the stage in sleep when most of our muscles are normally relaxed. This is also the time when we have dreams. Some people however still have some muscles that are active. The person usually acts out his/her dreams.

Sleepwalking
Sleepwalkers are not aware of this habit. They also do other things besides walk in the middle of the night. One known cause may be lack of sleep.

Sleep Talking
This occurs when the person is partially asleep. There are also other automatic behaviors like sleepwalking. This condition is common among children and fade as they get older. It can be problematic to adults especially if they’re doing something embarrassing.


Restless Legs Syndrome

There is no known cause for RLS but there are theories that it’s a side-effect of medications or it can be hereditary. It’s common among women. The person moves his/her limbs uncontrollably many times during sleep.

Sleep Terrors
More commonly known as nightmares, it can happen when the person is not fully awake. They are caused by poor sleeping habits and is common among kids.

Bruxism
It is also called teeth grinding during sleep. Those suffering from this aren’t aware of the condition but they usually feel jaw discomfort and even damage their teeth.

Non-24 Sleep Wake Disorder
Also called circadian rhythm or delayed sleep phase disorder, it’s characterized by the inability to fall asleep at the desired schedule but still be able to wake up normally in the morning.