How to Create a Small Garden in Your Apartment
It’s still possible to start a garden even if there is not enough space in your apartment in Singapore. You don’t even need a small patch of land, just enough natural light, good soil, water, and commitment.
Use the Balcony or Any Well-Lit Space
If your balcony gets enough sunlight everyday, then it’s the perfect place to set up a garden. If you want some privacy, you can build a privacy wall using repurposed materials, then attach beams where you can place more plants. When it comes to small spaces, always think vertically.
Group pots or recycled containers closely together or use a trellis post for flowering vines. You could also purchase or create multi-pocket wall planters and raised beds, so you could plant more varieties. If you don’t have a balcony, a window box is a good substitute as long as the plants can get enough sunlight.
Choose the Right Plants
Ask the local gardeners about which plants can thrive in small spaces; such as herbs, low-care succulents, shrubs, and flowering plants. For herbs and vegetables, most gardeners recommend the following: basil, cilantro, mint, lettuce, tomatoes, oregano, sage, rosemary, and mint.
For succulents, the best types to grow are echeveria, tree aeonium, jelly bean plant, Crassula Morgan’s beauty, and string of beads. It’s ideal to have a mix of various plants, too, and you can even plant different varieties in a single pot as long as the roots have adequate room to grow.
Picking the Soil and Pots
The right soil mix will make your plants thrive even in small spaces and with minimal care. There are four basic potting soil mixes gardeners use; such as, loam-based, which can hold water well and is ideal for different types of plants; peat-based, which is prone to drying and waterlogging, but is easy to handle and has a consistent quality; peat-free, which can retain moisture and can eliminate pests, weeds, and diseases of heat-treated; and coir-based, which is lightweight, but is inconsistent.
Make sure that your pots have adequate drainage to prevent the plants from wilting, because of too much water. Terra cotta pots are ideal for potting, but you can also use lightweight and recycled materials with a sturdy base appropriate for most plants.
Weeding, Watering, and Worms
Weeding is rare in small gardens, but you should still schedule an inspection every few months. Watering on the other hand, should be scheduled based on the needs of the different types of plants.
Then, you will need to set a water clearing routine to get rid of stagnant water. Lastly, you might not need fertilizers for most small garden plants, because worms can help plants absorb nutrients better by breaking down the soil. Worms can be purchased at gardening supplies shops.