Health Screening: Vision Screening for Kids

Regular vision screening of your child should be done every scheduled visit to his pediatrician. As with corporate health screening for adults, children’s health screening packages should include vision checkup. This will help detect many abnormalities that are treatable but can lead to permanent vision loss if left untreated. Among the vision tests Singapore pediatricians will conduct to your child are:

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Strabismus Test
Strabismus is a condition where the two eyes misalign, which affects about 4% of children. This condition is often described by the way the eyes misalign, which can be inward (esotropia), outward (exotropia), downward (hyotropia), or upward (hypertropia). Another case is that the child may have a phoria, an eye abnormality when only one of the eyes is drift out of alignment. This usually causes headaches and eye strains to the patient.

Amblyopia Test
Another eye test that children’s health screening packages should have is the amblyopia test. Amblyopia is a condition of the eyes wherein the patient experiences a reduced vision in one of the eyes, and is also said to be secondary to strabismus, congenital cataracts and anisometropia (uneven refractive errors in the eyes, e.g. one eye is more nearsighted than the other).

Visual Acuity
Visual acuity test aims to measure the visual clarity of each eye. Part of this eye screening is to read the letters from a distance and near the reading chart. The results of this health screening test are written as a fraction such as 20/20.
For distance vision testing, the first number written in the fraction represents the distance at which the eye testing is performed; therefore, twenty feet away from the chart. Consider taking up an excellent health screening packages from Asiamedic in Singapore to conduct these tests. The second number in the fraction represents the smallest size of letter your child managed to read. If he has visual acuity of 20/40, your child needs to get within 20 feet distance from the letter that is readable at 40 feet in order to clearly read the letters.

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Refractive Errors
This health screening test for the eyes aims to detect hypermetropia (farsightedness), myopia (nearsightedness), and astigmatism. By using an eye instrument called phoropter, the doctor places a number of lenses in front of the eyes of your child and measures according to how the eyes focus to the light from the retinoscope. The optometrist can also make use of an automated eye instrument that analyzes the ability of the eye to focus. The power is refined by your child’s responses in order to determine which lens for each eye gives the clearest vision.

Eye Teaming, Eye Movement, and Eye Focusing Tests
Ocular motility, binocular vision, and assessment of accommodation tests determine how your child’s eyes move, work and focus. In order for the eyes to make a clear vision of what it views, the eyes should work and move as one and change focus effectively. These tests help look for eye health issues that hinders the eyes from focusing or working together as one.

Supplemental Eye Health Screening Tests
Singapore doctors would recommend further testing if they see any abnormality in the eye screening test results, if clarification is needed, or if more comprehensive assessment is required. After the health screening tests are completed, your child’s doctor will assess the results to determine your child’s eye health situation and devise a treatment plan. The doctor will explain to you the nature of any eye health problem found and explain the treatment plans and options they have for your child. In some instances, doctors may recommend you to another optometrist or health care provider for consultation and/or treatment.

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